What are the Watch movement origins?

What are the Watch movement origins?

Most watch movements are designed and manufactured in Switzerland or Japan. Traditionally, Swiss watchmakers set the standard for quality, especially for mechanical movements; however, since the 1980s, Japanese-made movements have caught up to the Swiss in quality. Chinese-made movements also have increased in quality in recent years. Watch manufacturers label the origin of the movement with a stamp on the watch case and, sometimes, on the dial. Here is a brief explanation of the terminology:

  • Swiss movement: Watch movements have many parts to be assembled into one workable unit. "Swiss movement" means that over 50 percent of the completed movement was assembled in a Swiss factory from Swiss-manufactured parts. This is true of mechanical, automatic and quartz movements. The case stamps that identify the Swiss movement use various terms including Swiss quartz, Swiss automatic or Swiss auto, and, simply, Swiss.

    This definition also applies to movements originating in countries other than Switzerland. For example, a watch with Japanese movement usually will have a stamp of "Japanese", "Made in Japan" or "Japan movement". 

  • Swiss-made: A Swiss-made movement must have Swiss parts, be assembled in Switzerland, and then be placed in the case in a Swiss factory. The case itself does not need to be manufactured in Switzerland, although most high-end watches feature Swiss-made cases. 


    • Related Articles

    • What are the Watch Movement type?

      Quartz: Quartz watches use a battery in conjunction with a piece of quartz to create a pulse that powers the movement. Automatic: Automatic watches whose mainspring is wound by the movements or accelerations of the wearer's arm. Some automatic ...
    • Why do watch movements have rubies?

      They are used as bearings for moving parts due to the low friction and good wear characteristics. Low friction equates to increased accuracy in watch movements, so better watches use jewel bearings.
    • What is Automatic movement and the advantages of owning this watch?

      Basically, an automatic movement is mechanical movement with a self-winding design. An automatic watch harnesses the energy produced by motion to wind the spring. This movement features a rotor that spins when the watch is in motion as when the ...
    • What is Quartz movement and the advantages of owning this watch?

      Quartz movement is an extremely reliable timekeeper; it is also cost effective for both the manufacturer and the consumer. The most affordable watches have quartz movement. Quartz movement is powered by a battery. It is called quartz movement because ...
    • What are the Jewels in the Context of Watch Movements ?

      The jewels are synthetic sapphires or rubies which have been drilled, champfered and polished to serve as bearings for gears in watches, reducing friction or mechanical parts to a bare minimum. Generally speaking, on may say that a simple mechanical ...